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FIA – The Cyber Forum https://www.thecyberforum.com Fri, 28 Dec 2018 05:26:33 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.2 https://www.thecyberforum.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/cropped-justice-147214_960_720-32x32.png FIA – The Cyber Forum https://www.thecyberforum.com 32 32 What are the laws available in Pakistan on ATM skimming? https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/25/what-are-the-laws-available-in-pakistan-on-atm-skimming/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/25/what-are-the-laws-available-in-pakistan-on-atm-skimming/#respond Sun, 25 Nov 2018 22:10:40 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=1876 Introduction Cybercrime is not just subject to harassment only but is a vast field covering all fraudulent acts through digital sources. ATM fraud is one of them and I’ve designed this article specifically to talk about this matter which people usually don’t consider necessary to talk about until they face such a scam. Before talking […]

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Introduction

Cybercrime is not just subject to harassment only but is a vast field covering all fraudulent acts through digital sources. ATM fraud is one of them and I’ve designed this article specifically to talk about this matter which people usually don’t consider necessary to talk about until they face such a scam. Before talking about Pakistani scenario, it is important to talk about other countries where there are laws regarding ATM skimming, to get some real-life examples.

In a developed country like Thailand, it is reported that approx. 6000 people have been affected by ATM skimming in July. Though, there is smart technology, security cameras, updated & centralized banking systems everywhere and yet approx. $1.8 million has been stolen.

the cyber, online fraud, data breach,
Figure 1: Arrested ATM card fraud suspects with Thai police in Bankok

According to IMF, almost $2 billion has been lost through ATM skimming during 2017. As the ratio of reported crimes are 1 out of 10 in developing countries and 6 out of 10 in the case of developed countries and the above statement is a reported news. So based on such ratio, I believe that around 8 to 9 billion dollars have been skimmed.

On a contrary, we belong to such a vulnerable country where – primarily – there is a scarcity of laws, low applicability of available laws, incompetent agencies having fewer resources and a prolonged list of many loopholes. There is a cocktail of criminals who are walking free without any fear of getting arrested. So this article is all about ATM skimming, skimmers’ tricks, how you can make your account protected and available laws in Pakistan.

Possibilities of ATM skimming

Figure 2: Process

Here we are going to mention – one by one – what are the possibilities through which ATMs are skimmed.

  • When you insert an ATM card, there attach a card reader in ATM machine that reads the information on that individual credit or debit card. ATM skimmers also attach another reader to scan your ATM card and thus capture internal information.
  • A small camera may be attached with the reader as well by skimmers which copies your passcode.

Through this two-way method, they copy information, identity and pin number of your card and draw all amount from your bank account.

This is one method of ATM skimming. Now I am going to share another method which is a most conventional & traditional way and I’ve personally been a victim of it. Let’s talk about this one.

  • Once I inserted my ATM card in an out of service machine which got stuck inside it. There was a person standing outside and waiting for me to come out. He then asked me to enter the code saying that, “Through this way machine will push your card out” and by doing so, he memorized my pin code. Later, he told me to come tomorrow to take your card back as my card was already got stuck before yours. Meanwhile, my card came out and he quickly re-inserted the card, entered the pin code and drew the amount.
  • Another thing is social engineering which is very dangerous. In this method, a person takes someone’s card and start guessing his code number. He thinks of the pin code by the owner’s date of birth. For instance, the owner’s birthday is April 4, 1986, so he may have 4486 as his code number. Then through social engineering or social hacking – which is very tricky – the person can withdraw balance from that account.

Tip: Being an IT expert, I must suggest you to not do anything to a system when it gets hang. Simply leave it. It may has many instructions in its system which is delaying the process which the system will proceed one after another in its instruction queue system. So be patient.

How to refrain from ATM skimming?

cyber harassment, online harassment, data breach, online fraud
Figure 3: Refrain from ATM skimming

This is the important part which most of the readers want to get know. The basic things are:

  1. First of all, whenever you go to the ATM machine, you need to check the surface of the keypad by pressing it to make sure that it is not shaking and another keypad is not adjusted on it. This simply points out the skimmer technique of placing their keypad over a machine to capture your pin. They may have placed another cap with a laser or any other thing which is suspicious.

You surely need to check all these things in ATM before withdrawing. If you see a tiny camera associated with a pad then definitely neither insert your card nor enter your code. Just inform the concerned bank.

2. Never ask for help if you don’t know how to use ATM. Just get a credible person to teach you.
3. Never share your ATM card and pin code with anyone.
4. Just lock your door whenever you go to ATM.

By doing so, you can refrain from ATM skimmers and protect your account.

Other tricks

cyber harassment, online harassment, data breach, online fraud
Figure 4: Other tricks

Now talking about a crime which is committing in Pakistan but people do not take seriously to report it.
You have used your card in Point of Sale System (POS) like KFC, McDonald’s or alike where you can use your visa card. The standard procedure is, you give your card to them who scratch it, deduct amount and take your signature. Nothing else. But in some cases, people don’t understand protocols, don’t consider these standards serious and don’t know how to use POS or visa card. In this case, they ask for the pin as the card is not usable without it. Some people give their pin to them and thus they can be exploited this way. This is strictly not included in standard operating procedures to share your pin with anyone in any situation.

Next important thing is to have a copy of your signed receipt whenever you use your visa card. So, if you get to know that your amount is getting extracted then you can ultimately pursue to that person or shop and enquire about compromising of your account. Hence, you need to let them know, what you are going to do.

If your account is skimmed!

cyber harassment, online harassment, data breach, online fraud
Figure 5: Bluff

If you get to know about skimming your account, you first need to ask your banking service to block your card. Then, you will know about the skimming information, from where your account is skimmed, total amount and all whereabouts so that you can register a case. Usually, people do not pursue because of less amount but in my point of view, you need to pursue the matter – in either way – to set an example to beware people.

You need to on SMS notification of your banking service. Don’t put off that SMS notification so that you get notified if any transaction that you didn’t make. In this way, you can minimize more exploitation of your account.

Punishment of ATM skimming

Pakistan Cyber Crime Act gives you protection in this regard as there are provisions on online fraud. There is 4 to 6 years imprisonment in case of online fraud or ATM skimming in Pakistan. As this does not include only one crime but

1. Compromising an ATM machine of an organization
2. Stealing someone’s information (Privacy issue)
3. Crime is committed by stolen information
4. Ultimately it is a crime

All these steps comprise ATM skimming and thus average 5 years imprisonment is subject to online fraud depending on the sensitivity of crime which may lead to beyond 5 years along with PKR 2 to 3 million fine. Besides this, the culprit also needs to pay back the stolen amount to the owner.

Procedure for reporting a case

cyber harassment, online harassment, data breach, online fraud
Figure 7: Filing a case

The procedure of reporting ATM skimming case is not hectic but needs your intense interest. First, you need to get the information from the respective bank. Submit a copy of that information, a copy of your CNIC and a written complaint to FIA Cyber Crime office in person. Your proofs should include your income statement, all transactions and places of transactions. It would be good if – somehow – you get the CCTV footage from your bank at the time of the transaction to strengthen your complaint. Recently, cybercrime team Rawalpindi has arrested a gang involved in ATM skimming.

Final words!

I have always said that there is no shortcut way to get justice. In one way or another, you have to pursue the matter. If you get threaten by any digital mean then FIA’s cyber crime wing is the relevant authority you should report to. They forward the case of those only, who insisted to proceed further. This article is purely written for the informative purpose. If you have faced such a situation then do let us know so that we may get to know what we should do if this ever happened.
Make sure to spread the information and get in touch for more information.

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Cryptocurrency Mining: Crackdown On Digital Currency Traders https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/24/cryptocurrency-mining-crackdown/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/24/cryptocurrency-mining-crackdown/#respond Sat, 24 Nov 2018 18:20:01 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2328 LAHORE: Prime Minister Pakistan ordered to start an investigation on digital currency mining and crackdown its operations. The investigation is carried down under the supervision of Director Cybercrime Captain Rtd. Shoaib. First time in the history of cybercrime in Pakistan digital currency mining machine creates bitcoins is seized by FIA. Accused named Hassaan, Rizwan, and […]

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LAHORE: Prime Minister Pakistan ordered to start an investigation on digital currency mining and crackdown its operations.

The investigation is carried down under the supervision of Director Cybercrime Captain Rtd. Shoaib. First time in the history of cybercrime in Pakistan digital currency mining machine creates bitcoins is seized by FIA.

Accused named Hassaan, Rizwan, and Salman used to trains people for cryptocurrency mining. According to Investigation Officer Aashir:

A grand crackdown continues on bitcoins and digital currency mining machine is seized by FIA Cybercrime Wing. In order to carry out the operation, there was a raid in Gulberg and arrested three accused. A bitcoin mining machine is seized from their possession.

Adding that, it is a very fine group dealing with all digital currency mining. They established an alleged Bit College to spread the learning of cryptocurrency mining and expanding its trade.


Read more >> Cryptocurrency Hack: Hackers Lifts $1 Million From A San Francisco Man’s Phone Number


People are selling and purchasing bitcoins out of the tax net. These are basically a virtual currency having no meaning in reality. Some forums give an online wallet where people can get digital currency.

There is clearly no surety behind the security of their digital currency. If the admin block the website then people can lost their cryptocurrency worth millions.

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Blackmailing Women On Social Media: FIA Arrests Another Man From Karachi https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/15/blackmailing-women-on-social-media/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/15/blackmailing-women-on-social-media/#respond Thu, 15 Nov 2018 12:42:00 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2299 KARACHI: Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) Cybercrime Wing has arrested a man this week in case of blackmailing women on social media. 34 years old man names Shahid from Karachi was arrested by FIA Cybercrime Wing when a girl complaint that man has blackmailed her using her images and demanding money. The accused confessed before media […]

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KARACHI: Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) Cybercrime Wing has arrested a man this week in case of blackmailing women on social media.

34 years old man names Shahid from Karachi was arrested by FIA Cybercrime Wing when a girl complaint that man has blackmailed her using her images and demanding money.

The accused confessed before media that he is involved in blackmailing women on social media site Facebook. He used doctorate pictures to befriend women in order to harass them and demand money.


Read more >> Accuse punished 6 years imprisonment for harassing girls on social media


Accused Shahid said:

I created a fake Facebook ID Omar Ali Khan and a page with the same name and sent friend requests to the female members. As they accept my friend requests I used to make marriage proposals and demanded pictured from them.

Adding that he used the same pictures for blackmailing women on social media and demanding money.

According to FIA, they have obtained evidence from the accused smartphone as he was messaging the victims through different apps.

It has also informed the two victims about the charge of accused.

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Bank Fraud Suspect Arrested By FIA From Jhang https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/14/bank-fraud-suspect-arrested-by-fia/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/14/bank-fraud-suspect-arrested-by-fia/#respond Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:23:48 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2289 FAISALABAD: Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) has arrested another bank fraud suspect from Jhang last week. Assistant Director Cybercrime Wing Shoaib Haroon said: FIA team conducted an investigation after the resident of Abbottabad Muhammad Sadeeq complaint that Rs105,000 were withdrawn from his bank account. Adding that the bank fraud suspect named Asif used to call people […]

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FAISALABAD: Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) has arrested another bank fraud suspect from Jhang last week.

Assistant Director Cybercrime Wing Shoaib Haroon said:

FIA team conducted an investigation after the resident of Abbottabad Muhammad Sadeeq complaint that Rs105,000 were withdrawn from his bank account.

Adding that the bank fraud suspect named Asif used to call people impersonating as a bank officer and gathered their account details.


Read more >> Bank Account Hackers: FIA Arrests Key Members of the Gang


He was traced during the investigation. He was using a fake ID for bank fraud and transfer the money into his own bank account after getting people’s account details.

The investigation is proceeding into the matter.

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5,500 Cyber Complaints Registered In Lahore https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/12/5500-cyber-complaints-registered-in-lahore/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/12/5500-cyber-complaints-registered-in-lahore/#respond Mon, 12 Nov 2018 12:25:51 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2274 LAHORE: The FIA Lahore has registered 5,500 cybercrime complaints this year in order to fill the loopholes in the correlation between cybercrimes and the psychological issues which are growing in youth. According to sources, people avoid launching online complaints due to slow and time-consuming process. In response to that, FIA said that process is not […]

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LAHORE: The FIA Lahore has registered 5,500 cybercrime complaints this year in order to fill the loopholes in the correlation between cybercrimes and the psychological issues which are growing in youth.

According to sources, people avoid launching online complaints due to slow and time-consuming process. In response to that, FIA said that process is not slow but cybercrime cases are treated accordingly.

The cybercrime complaints registered this year mainly include hacking, identity theft, cyber-bullying, cyber-stalking, cyber harassment, data and security breach, financial fraud, digital piracy, intellectual property rights violation, electronic terrorism, extortion.


Read more >> Cybercrime Cases Registration: Clear Rise in Last Three Years in Pakistan 


FIA has established National Response Center (NRC) in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, and Quetta in agenda to empower women and speak-up for their selves.

According to some sources, the process of filing online cybercrime complaints is quite slow-paced as it takes 30 to 60 days to process because of which many women avoid reporting the issues.

FIA Cybercrime Wing Lahore Assistant Director Muhammad Usman said,

We have received almost 5,500 cybercrime complaints from Lahore which include complaints about blackmailing, fraud, hacking, and piracy among other.

Asking about harassment complaints he told,

Not only have women filed complaints of harassment against women but men have also spoken up against women who harassed them on social media.

Inquiries on more than 2,500 cybercrime complaints have been initiated and cases have been registered. He further told that sometimes complaints are withdrawn if two parties agree to a settlement.

Sometimes the complaints are dropped when there is no follow-up on them but mostly we initiate inquiries on such complaints. Only a few hundreds of total registered complaints are still pending.

On the slow process, he said that our process is not slow but the integrity and status of cybercrime complaints are different. They collect evidence from different sources. Likewise, the suspect is not always easy to get identified and hence it takes time to identify them. Once we gather all the information, we draw a conclusion.

He concluded,

We have resolved cases and punished those who were proven to be guilty.

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ATM Engineer: Arrested For Drawing-Off Rs4.07 Million https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/09/atm-engineer/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/09/atm-engineer/#respond Fri, 09 Nov 2018 12:01:27 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2255 FAISALABAD: An Automated Teller Machine ATM engineer was arrested for stealing an amount of more than Rs4.07 million from a bank’s ATM on Monday. The accused is arrested for three days physical remand for the interrogation in the incident. Usman works as an ATM engineer in a private company. On November 10, he stole Rs4.078 […]

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FAISALABAD: An Automated Teller Machine ATM engineer was arrested for stealing an amount of more than Rs4.07 million from a bank’s ATM on Monday.

The accused is arrested for three days physical remand for the interrogation in the incident.

Usman works as an ATM engineer in a private company. On November 10, he stole Rs4.078 million from the ATM machine, according to police.

In a press conference, SP Madina Town said that the accused had confessed the stealing of money and said that it was his first act of burglary. ATM engineer Usman was recognized from a CCTV footage and arrested right after two days effort, he said.

The accused said that police has seized the car he bought for Rs1.57 million and Rs2.49 million cash he stole.

Recently, a gang of hackers arrested by FIA Cybercrime Wing, who deprived many innocents by fooling them as bank officials.

The accused will be punished according to the Laws of ATM Skimming.

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Retired Scientist Recovered Rs3 Million From Bank Account Withdrawn By Hackers https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/06/bank-account-withdrawn-by-hackers/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/06/bank-account-withdrawn-by-hackers/#respond Tue, 06 Nov 2018 20:21:08 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2167 ISLAMABAD: Amount of Rs3million withdrawn by hackers from a retired scientist bank account has been mysteriously regained this week. FIA sent a notice to the concerned bank after which Dr. Yousuf Khilji got all his money back into his account. As the voices being circulated among different bank accounts got hacked, Dr. Yousuf discovered that […]

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ISLAMABAD: Amount of Rs3million withdrawn by hackers from a retired scientist bank account has been mysteriously regained this week.

FIA sent a notice to the concerned bank after which Dr. Yousuf Khilji got all his money back into his account. As the voices being circulated among different bank accounts got hacked, Dr. Yousuf discovered that all his life’s savings are withdrawn by hackers in a suspected fraud transaction.

The suspected transactions were carried out on Oct 25 and 26, according to some details.

Recently, various media reports revealed a major cyber attack on different Pakistani banks withdrawn billions of accounts from accounts. The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) denied all media reports and said that there is no evidence of banks data being hacked except Bank Islami.

The SBP added:

We would like to emphasize that except for the incident of October 27, 2018, in which reportedly the IT security of one bank was compromised, no breach has been reported.

Additionally, State Bank has already instructed all banks to take all precautionary measure to protect their databases and upgrade their security systems to prevent any future cyber attacks.  The payment schemes representative had also assured that they have taken all necessary steps to help banks in identifying any cyber threat on the card system. They offered additional control to make sure everything is going in line.

Moreover, some banks are taking all major steps to make sure their systems are well-protected against any cyber threat whilst others are confident of their security systems. These banks have continued all card transactions available in hand to their customers.

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Pakistani Banks Details Surfaced On The Dark Web https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/06/pakistani-banks-details-surfaced-on-the-dark-web/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/06/pakistani-banks-details-surfaced-on-the-dark-web/#respond Tue, 06 Nov 2018 14:57:31 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2182 Officials of the FIA said that major Pakistani banks have suffered the country’s biggest cyber-attack affecting nearly 20,000 users’ data. FIA’s Director Cybercrime Wing Muhammad Shoaib told to a private news channel: More than 100 cases of cyber-attack have been registered with FIA and are under investigation. We have made several arrests in the case, […]

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Officials of the FIA said that major Pakistani banks have suffered the country’s biggest cyber-attack affecting nearly 20,000 users’ data.

FIA’s Director Cybercrime Wing Muhammad Shoaib told to a private news channel:

More than 100 cases of cyber-attack have been registered with FIA and are under investigation. We have made several arrests in the case, including that of an international gang last month.

Following a report from Group-IB – a Moscow based cybersecurity firm – which revealed a leak of data containing Pakistani banks details which were put up on the dark web for sale.

However, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) denied the news and said that banks themselves were not hacked.

The issue arose when Bank Islami detected a fraudulent transaction of Rs2.6 million ($20,000) on October 27. As a result, the bank stopped its international transactions temporarily and informed the central bank.

Pakistan Computer Emergency Response Team (PakCERT) released a report detailing about the timeline and scale of data leaks. It supported the SBP’s claim and said that Pakistani banks details were most likely leaked through card skimming.

pakistani banks
Image Courtesy: PakCERT

According to the report, the Pakistani banks details first leaked on the site JokerStash under name PAKISTANWORLD-EU-MIX-01, containing over 11,000 record. More than 8,000 records contained atleast 9 pakistani banks details.

pakistani banks
Image Courtesy: PakCERT

Later on, on Oct 31, another leaked with additional 11,000 records of 21 Pakistani banks customers appeared on the dark web. There were up for sale from anywhere between $100 to $160.

PakCERT says either some visitors to Pakistan or locals executed the plan with the help of some foreign groups. FIA is investigating the issue in depth to understand more aspects of the data leak.

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Banned Outfit Webpages: Court Denied Bail Requests of the Accused https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/04/banned-outfit-webpages-court-denied-bail-requests/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/11/04/banned-outfit-webpages-court-denied-bail-requests/#respond Sun, 04 Nov 2018 20:23:38 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2149 On Tuesday, an Anti-Electronic Crime Court in the federal jurisdiction denied the bail applications of two accused of running the banned outfit webpages on social media channels. Tahir Mahmood, Judge of anti-electronic crimes court, heard the bail requests of the accused Sibtul Hassan and Hamza Naqvi. Under the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act 2016, two […]

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On Tuesday, an Anti-Electronic Crime Court in the federal jurisdiction denied the bail applications of two accused of running the banned outfit webpages on social media channels.

Tahir Mahmood, Judge of anti-electronic crimes court, heard the bail requests of the accused Sibtul Hassan and Hamza Naqvi.

Under the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act 2016, two separate FIRs were registered against accused of promoting a proscribed organization banned outfit webpages on different social media channels. Moreover, they were involved in spreading hate materials on social media.

After hearing arguments of the accused counsel and prosecutor of the FIA, Judge Tahir Mehmood rejected the bail application.

A month ago, FIA arrested three accused for running banned outfit webpages including Muhammad Bilal, Sibtul Hasan, and Hamza Naqvi associated with Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Tehreek-e-Jafferia Pakistan.

The FIA cybercrime cell has recently launched a crackdown on those spreading fake news and spreading religious and sectarian hatred on social media. In this regard, the agency has booked many activists and supporters of the banned outfit webpages including LeJ and others, on the charges of spreading hate speech and fascism.

The FIA officials said:

The arrested accused were part of a network operating social media pages for the proscribed organization from the last couple of years. Accused Muhammad Bilal, Sibtul Hassan, and Hamza Naqvi are affiliated with Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Tehreek-i-Jaferia Pakistan (TJP).

Three separate FIRs under various sections of PECA and Anti-Terrorism Act was registered against them. An inquiry was made; initiated by the FIA’s Counter Terrorism Wing in June last year; after cyber activities of the banned outfit webpages were spotted on social media channels. FIA officials said:

Internet protocol (IP) addresses, mobile phone numbers, and email addresses attached with the social media pages and used while operating the pages had been put under investigation.

As a result of more than a year of investigation of the e-activities and inquiry, three persons operating the banned outfit webpages on social media were arrested. FIA claimed that they had sufficient shreds of evidence against them for the involvement in such activities.

In addition, FIA officials said that accused were found in disseminating, glorifying, and advancing the objectives of the proscribed organization.

Besides taking actions against these kinds of people, FIA is also running a campaign against those propagating fake news and defamation campaign against the judiciary and high government officials.

State Minister for Interior Shahryar Afridi has recently issued instructions to the DG FIA to apprehend all those involved in posting fake news and baseless news on social media channels aimed at defaming country’s institutions and top office holders.

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Cybercrime Cases Registration: Clear Rise in Last Three Years in Pakistan https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/10/24/cybercrime-cases-registration/ https://www.thecyberforum.com/2018/10/24/cybercrime-cases-registration/#respond Wed, 24 Oct 2018 19:45:53 +0000 https://www.thecyberforum.com/?p=2074 Social Media has become a hub to gather people on different forums. As it is used by a variety of people to share positive vibes, the virtual space is used by some cyber criminals that convert them into negative. There are above 50 million broadband subscribers and about 150 million cellular phone subscribers that have […]

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Social Media has become a hub to gather people on different forums. As it is used by a variety of people to share positive vibes, the virtual space is used by some cyber criminals that convert them into negative.

There are above 50 million broadband subscribers and about 150 million cellular phone subscribers that have occupied virtual space in Pakistan. But most of them are unaware that this space is being negatively used by some cyber criminals that have caused a sharp rise in the cybercrime cases registration in the last three years in Pakistan.

With the sharp increase in the number of cybercrime cases registration, most of them are about harassment of women through social media for which Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) has taken many initiatives to cater the problem.

Dawn News quoted the FIA’s figures that,

There has been observed a sharp increase in the number of cybercrime cases registration in the last three years in which harassment and blackmailing are the most prominent.

According to the report, FIA conducted 2,295 inquiries, registered 255 cases, and made 209 arrests in 2018. These figures are highest since the enactment of Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA) by the Parliament in 2016 in a bid to cope with the cybercrime problems.

In 2017, the corresponding figures were 1,290 inquiries, 207 cybercrime cases registration, and 160 arrests were made, whereas in 2016 the figures were 514, 47, and 49 respectively.

According to the FIA officials,

The tremendous growth of social media in recent years caused a sharp rise in the incidents of cyberbullying, harassment, blackmailing, hate speech, online defamation, and online fraud in recent years.

They further told that people usually don’t report the case due to some personal reasons, otherwise, the actual figures may be much higher. The situation will be brought under control as the government recently established 15 new centers.


Read Cybercrime Reporting Center: FIA Permitted To Open 15 Centers


FIA Cyber Crime Director retired Capt. Mohammad Shoaib, in June, told to the Senate Standing Committee that agency has only 10 experts to investigate cybercrime in the country. In January this year, FIA launched a new Cybercrime Reporting Website which is now permanently moved to NR3C.

FIA cybercrime circle received 2019 complaints back in 2017 which were related to three major categories: 1,592 or 76% are related to blackmail harassment, and defamation through social media, 307 or 14% are related to financial fraud, 116 or 5 % are of threatening calls, and the remaining 186 are pertaining to email hacking, spoofing etc.

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